Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

A medical brain disorder that causes problems in information processing. OCD usually involves having both obsessions and compulsions, though a person with OCD may sometimes have only one or the other. Obsessions are thoughts, images, or impulses that occur over and over again and feel out of a person's control. The person does not want to have these ideas, finds them disturbing and intrusive, and usually recognizes that they don't really make sense. People with OCD typically try to make their obsessions go away by performing compulsions. Compulsions are acts the person performs over and over again, often according to certain "rules". OCD compulsions do not give the person pleasure. Rather, the rituals are performed to obtain relief from the discomfort caused by the obsessions. OCD symptoms cause distress, take up a lot of time (more than an hour a day), or significantly interfere with the person's work, social life, or relationships.

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