Terms in Definitions » E


  • Education and Training
    Education and Training is formal instruction and supervised practice in an academic subjects, skills, trade, or profession leading to a generally recognized credential or certificate.
  • Electronic and Information Technology
    Electronic and Information Technology includes: any equipment or interconnected system or subsystem of equipment, that is used in the automatic acquisition, storage, manipulation, management, movement, control, display, switching, interchange, transmission, or reception of data or information; any equipment or interconnected system or subsystem of equipment, that is used in the creation, conversion, or duplication of data or information.
  • Eligibility
    Criteria or requirements which determine a right to participate in a particular activity, service, or program.
  • Emotional Disturbance (ED)
    The Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act (IDEA) of 2004 defines an emotional disturbance (formerly known as a serious emotional disturbance) as a condition exhibiting one or more of the following characteristics over a long period of time and to a marked degree, and which adversely affects educational performance: 1) an inability to learn that cannot be explained by intellectual, sensory, or health factors; 2) an inability to build or maintain satisfactory interpersonal relationships with peers and teachers; 3) inappropriate types of behavior or feelings under normal circumstances; 4) a general, pervasive mood of unhappiness or depression; or 5) a tendency to develop physical symptoms or fears associated with personal or school problems. The term includes children who are schizophrenic and does not include children who are socially maladjusted unless it is determined that they are emotionally disturbed.
  • Employment
    Regular engagement in skilled or unskilled labor or service activities for payment.
  • Employment Network
    Any agency or instrumentality of a private or public entity that enters into a contract with the Social Security Administration to assume responsibility for the coordination and delivery of appropriate employment, employment activities, and other support services under the Ticket to Work Program.
  • Employment Outcome
    As defined in Title I of the Rehabilitation Act and its governing regulations, an employment outcome means entering or retaining full-time or, if appropriate, part-time competitive employment in the integrated labor market; satisfying the vocational outcome of supported employment; or satisfying any other approved appropriate vocational outcome such as self employment, telecommuting, or business ownership.
  • Employment Services Offices
    Employment Service Offices has listings of available jobs and provides assistance to job seekers.
  • Empowerment/Enterprise Zones
    The Empowerment Zones/Enterprise Communities (EZ/EC) program is a federal government-wide effort to enable the self-revitalization and growth of distressed urban and rural areas throughout the nation. In December 1994, 105 socio-economically distressed areas were designated to receive focused federal assistance based on strategic plans for economic and human development. The EZ/EC designees are receiving flexible grants through a special provision in the SSBG Program, tax incentives, and a commitment of additional types of Federal support to implement these plans over a ten-year period.
  • Enterprise
    Refers to a business, organized business activities aimed specifically at growth and profit, or a new and risky venture.
  • Entitlement
    A right to benefits specified especially by law or contract; a government program providing benefits to members of a specified group; funds supporting or distributed by such a program.
  • Entrepreneurial Skills
    Skills that support any business-sponsored opportunity provides youth with invaluable experiences in organizational skills, task orientation, persistence, and determination. Work-based learning programs focusing on entrepreneurship can help young people design and operate a small business.
  • Entrepreneurship
    The process of finding and evaluating opportunities and risks, and developing and executing plans for translating those opportunities into financial self-sufficiency.
  • Entrepreneurship Education
    Entrepreneurship education is viewed as the process of providing individuals with the concepts and skills to recognize opportunities that others have overlooked and to have the insight, self-esteem, and knowledge to act where others have hesitated. It includes instruction in opportunity recognition, finding and uses resources in the face of risk, initiating a business venture. It also includes instruction in business management processes such as business planning, capital development, marketing, and cash flow analysis.
  • Essential Functions of the Job
    These are tasks that are fundamental and necessary to perform a given position. They do not include marginal duties.

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