Terms in Definitions » I


  • IQ Testing or Intelligence Testing
    The measurement of an individual's general cognitive ability to function within various community settings.
  • Impairment-Related Work Expense (IRWE)
    A Social Security work incentive that can be used to help reduce the impact of earnings on Social Security disability benefits (SSI and SSDI). IRWEs include the reasonable cost of items and services (e.g., attendant care, medical devices, special transportation) that, because of an impairment, a person needs and uses in order to work. The cost of these items and services is deducted from the earnings that Social Security uses to determine whether a person is working at the Substantial Gainful Activity level.
  • Independent Living Program (ILP)
    Purpose is to maximize the leadership, empowerment, independence, and productivity of individuals with disabilities and to integrate these individuals into the mainstream of society.
  • Independent Living Skills Assessments
    Assessments that are often conducted by teachers, counselors, or others to determine how well an individual can engage in activities of daily living.
  • Individual Development Account (IDA)
    Individual Development Accounts (IDAs) create saving opportunities for low income individuals and families. They are interest bearing savings accounts that use matching deposits from community based and nonprofit organizations. IDAs are primarily created for the purchase of a first home, higher education, or small business development. Financial literacy for account holders is one of the core elements of an IDA program. Other elements of the program typically consist of an introduction to the importance of asset building, asset more people including youth with disabilities.
  • Individual Training Account (ITA)
    The Workforce Investment Act established accounts for eligible individuals to finance job-related education and training. ITAs act like a voucher that can be exchanged for training at an approved learning institution.
  • Individual Transition Plan (ITP)
    A written plan that outlines what a student will need to live and work as an adult. This plan works as a bridge between the IEP and other transition plans.
  • Individual Work Plan (IWP)
    Under the Social Security Administration's Ticket to Work and Work Incentives Improvement Act (TWWIIA), an IWP is a formal agreement between a Ticket holder and an Employment Network that describes how services will achieve an employment goal. The detailed IWP includes specific steps may take several years to complete.
  • Individualized Education Plan (Program) (IEP)
    A written statement for each child with a disability that is developed, reviewed, and revised in accordance with the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). This statement must include: A) the child's academic achievement and functional performance; B) measurable annual goals, including academic and functional goals; C) a description of how the child's progress toward the goals will be measured; D) what special education and related services will be provided; E) an explanation of the extent, if any, to which the child will not participate with nondisabled children in regular classes; and F) a description of any appropriate accommodations that are necessary. The first IEP, under the IDEA, must be in effect no later than when the child turns 16. These services may start earlier if determined appropriate by the IEP Team. IEP's must also be updated annually (IDEA 2004).
  • Individualized Family Service Plan (IFSP)
    Guides the early intervention process for children with disabilities and their families. The IFSP is implemented in accordance with Part C of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). It contains information about the services necessary to facilitate a child's development and enhance the family's capacity to facilitate the child's development. Family members and service providers work as a team to plan, implement, and evaluate services tailored to the family's needs.
  • Individualized Mentoring Plan (IMP)
    An Individualized Mentoring Plan (IMP) is a tool for mentors and mentees to use together to help them talk about what they want to learn, what they want to gain, and how they want to grow because of their relationship.
  • Individualized Plan for Employment (IPE)
    Under the Social Security Administrations Ticket to Work and Work Incentives Improvement Act (TWWIIA), an IPE is a plan developed by a State Vocational Rehabilitation (VR) agency and the client for the services that the client needs to assist them in reaching their work goal.
  • Individualized Planning
    Is the process of assessing a person's strengths, skills, resources, interests and limitations as they apply to the achievement of a specific goal, and then using that information to develop a plan that lays out the steps that need to be taken for that person to accomplish that goal. Under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), special education students are required to have an Individualized Education Program (IEP) that includes information on the student's present level of functioning in each identified needs area, a statement of annual goals for the student, a statement of appropriate short-term objectives with the evaluation approach and criteria for determining progress toward achievement of annual goals, a statement of any required related services and who will provide them, a statement of transition service needs (beginning at least by age 16), and a statement that relates to the amount of time the student will spend in the least restrictive environment (i.e., general education classes). Under title I of the Rehabilitation Act, individuals determined eligible for services from a State Vocational Rehabilitation agency must have an Individualized Plan for Employment (IPE) which is developed in partnership with a qualified Vocational Rehabilitation Counselor and which outlines the person's vocational goals, the services that the individual will receive, the providers of those services, and the methods that will be used to procure those services. Another example of an individualized plan is the Plan for Achieving Self-Support (PASS) which allows recipients of Supplemental Security Income (SSI) to set aside income and resources to achieve a specific work goal. Other examples of individualized plans include individualized services strategies for participation in Title I WIA youth activities/ the Individualized Family Service Plan (IFSP) required under Part C of IDEA the Individual Work Plan (IWP) required under the Ticket to Work and Self-Sufficiency Program and the Individual Habilitation Plan (IHP) required for individuals receiving services from State Divisions of Developmental Disabilities.
  • Individualized Service Plan (ISP)
    The Developmental Disabilities Assistance Rights Act crated the ISP which is a document which becomes the basis for service coordination for the consumer. It is developed with input and approval of the consumer and focuses on the service areas needed. This plan is also referred to as an Individualized Plan (IP).
  • Informed Choice
    The process by which an individual arrives at a decision. It is a process that is based upon access to, and full understanding of, all necessary information from the individual's perspective. The process should result in a free and informed decision by the individual about what he or she needs.
  • Inpatient Treatment
    The most restrictive and expensive type of care in the continuum of mental health services for children and adolescents. Inpatient treatment typically refers to clinical care provided on a 24-hour basis in a hospital setting.
  • Instrumental Activities of Daily Living
    These activities capture more complex life activities and include personal hygiene, light housework, laundry, meal preparation, transportation, grocery shopping, using the telephone, medication management, and money management.
  • Insurance
    Insurance, in law and economics, is a form of risk management primarily used to hedge against the risk of potential financial loss. Insurance is defined as the equitable transfer of the risk of a potential loss, from one entity to another, in exchange for a premium and duty of care.
  • Integrated Setting
    Integrated setting refers to a setting in which individuals interact with non-disabled individuals other than those who may be providing services to that person. With respect to an integrated employment setting, it refers to a setting typically found in the community in which individuals interact with non-disabled individuals, other than those who are providing services to that person, to the same extent that non-disabled individuals in comparable positions interact with other persons.
  • Intermediary Organization
    An agent that convenes local leadership and broker relationships with multiple partners across multiple funding streams; brings together workforce development systems, vocational rehabilitation providers, businesses, labor unions, educational institutions, social service organizations, faith based organizations, transportation entities, health providers, and other Federal, State, and community resources which youth with disabilities need to transition to employment successfully. Possible intermediaries include, but are not limited to community- based non-profit organizations, faith-based and community organizations, employer organizations, community colleges, and community rehabilitation programs.
  • Internship
    An opportunity to expand and connect classroom learning in a full-time/part-time supervised work-based setting, grounded in experiential learning with an emphasis on reflection, and intended to provide the intern with hands on professional experience in an occupational career field he or she is considering.
  • Interoperability
    The degree to which assistive technology can operate compatibly with a website or other type of information technology.
  • Interpersonal Skills
    The ability to communicate with another individual or group on a social or professional basis. Level of aptitude is based on ease and comfort of all parties involved.
  • Interviews
    Structured or unstructured conversations intended to gather information from an individual through a verbal question-and-answer format.
  • Intrapreneurship
    Intrapreneurship is used to define a situation when an employee of a corporation is allowed to exercise some independent entrepreneurial initiative.

Need help viewing a document? View our document help page.

Have a comment or suggestion in regard to our site? Please send us your feedback.