Terms in Definitions » T


  • Tech Prep Program
    Tech Prep education is defined as a planned sequence of study in a technical field beginning as early as the ninth year of school. The sequence extends through two years of postsecondary occupational education or an apprenticeship program of at least two years following secondary instruction, and culminates in an associate degree or certificate.
  • Technical Assistance
    Operational or management advice or training given to nonprofit organizations. It can include fundraising assistance, budgeting and financial planning, program planning, legal advice, marketing, and other aids to management, as well as best practices, materials, training, tools, and other resources for operation.
  • Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) Program
    This part of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 (PRWORA) provides assistance to needy families so that children may be cared for in their own homes or in the homes of relatives; promoting job preparation, work, and marriage; prevent and reduce the incidence of out-of-wedlock pregnancies, and encourage the formation and maintenance of two-parent families.
  • Testing
    An activity that consists of administering a particular set of questions to an individual to obtain a score.
  • Testing Accommodations
    Provisions of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) which promote the use of testing accommodations for youth with disabilities for the purpose of increasing access and participation to public education and employment.
  • Trade Adjustment Assistance
    Assistance may include re-employment services, job search allowances, relocation allowances, funding for training, or readjustment allowances for eligible workers who have exhausted unemployment insurance or who are in training.
  • Training
    Training refers to the acquisition of knowledge, skills, and attitudes as a result of the teaching of vocational or practical skills and knowledge that relates to specific useful skills.
  • Transition
    The period of time when adolescents are moving into adulthood and is often concerned with planning for postsecondary education or careers. In the workforce environment it usually encompasses ages 14 to 25.
  • Transition Cliff
    In addition to service tunnels, youth encounter a "transition cliff" when they age out of youth systems and attempt to access adult services. Many youth systems end at age 18 and others when the youth reaches age 22, which means a youth could simultaneously be a youth in one system and an adult in another. The adult systems of education, mental health, Social Security, Vocational Rehabilitation, and workforce development often have different terminology, eligibility requirements, and service options than those of the corresponding youth systems. This disconnect can result in consequences such as termination of services and lost progress in career planning.
  • Transition Planning
    The term "transition planning" means a coordinated set of activities for a student with a disability that: A) Is designed within an outcome-oriented process, that promotes movement from school-to-post-school activities, including post-secondary education, vocational training, integrated employment (including supported employment), continuing and adult education, adult services, independent living, or community participation; B) Is based upon the individual student's needs, taking into account the student's preferences and interests; and C) Includes instruction, related services, special education, community experiences, the development of employment and other post-school adult living objectives, and when appropriate, the acquisition of daily living skills and functional vocational evaluation.
  • Tutoring
    Tutoring is an educational service that provides an individual with supplemental, additional, or remedial instruction.

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